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Installing Solr on Debian Lenny


Solr is an open source enterprise search platform from the Apache Lucene project. It is written in Java and Tomcat is the mostly used to access. It is highly scalable, providing distributed search and index replication. Due to its fast and reliable searching capabilities it is becoming more and more popular and is powering many of the large volume webistes.

Note: Before starting with the installation of Solr it is assumed that you have a debian server up and running. Its an barebone installation i.e. without any GUI.

Important: Make sure you are root user or use sudo to execute these commands.


Solr needs Tomcat to run, it can be installed from the apt repository as,

# apt-get install tomcat6 tomcat6-admin

Download Solr from the link

# wget http://mirrors.axint.net/apache//lucene/solr/1.4.1/apache-solr-1.4.1.tgz

Untar the downloaded .tgz file as,

# tar zxvf apache-solr-1.4.1.tgz

Change into the Solr directory,

# cd apache-solr-1.4.1

Copy the Solr's '.war' file to the webapps directory of tomcat as 'solr.war',

# cp dist/apache-solr-1.4.1.war /var/lib/tomcat6/webapps/solr.war

Also copy the solr directory from example folder to the tomcat as,

# cp -fr example/solr /var/lib/tomcat6/

Change the ownership of the Solr directory in tomcat6 as,

# chown -R tomcat6:tomcat6 /var/lib/tomcat6/solr

Now restart the tomcat service as,

# /etc/init.d/tomcat6 restart

Successfull? Solr is installed. You can check it by typing in your browser address bar the url,

From the same machine,



From remote computer,


Important: If you have any other web server (like apache) installed on the same machine make sure you turn of the service for that and Tomcat is the only running web server.

A working solr screen will look like this,

Click on the Solr Admin link to open the solr administration page and start using solr. The admin page will look like this,

Title - Solr Installation | Author - PunLib | Article ID - 00000000005 | Last Updated - 2013-04-07 09:53:15 | Keywords - Solr, Search Engine, Debian Lenny, Fast Searching



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